These are a set of adhkār prescribed by the Messenger ﷺ which a Muslim should read on a daily basis in the morning and evening. They are alluded to in the following verses of the Qur’ān:
يٰٓأَيُّهَا الَّذِيْنَ آمَنُوا اذْكُرُوا اللهَ ذِكْرًا كَثِيْرًا. وَسَبِّحُوْهُ بُكْرَةً وَّأَصِيْلًا
“Believers, remember Allah often and glorify Him morning and evening.” (33:41-42)
Due to the magnitude of the remembrance of Allah in the morning and the evening, Allah has made this an act of worship not just for humans, but also for animals and inanimate objects:
إِنَّا سَخَّرْنَا الْجِبَالَ مَعَهُ يُسَبِّحْنَ بِالْعَشِيِّ وَالْإِشْرَاقِ. وَالطَّيْرَ مَحْشُوْرَةً كُلٌّ لَّهُ أَوَّابٌ
“We made the mountains join him in tasbīh at sunset and sunrise; and the birds, too, in flocks. All were turning only unto Him.” (38:18-19)
The adhkār of the morning and the evening protect one from being from ‘the heedless,’ as Allah says:
وَاذْكُرْ رَّبَّكَ فِيْ نَفْسِكَ تَضَرُّعًا وَخِيْفَةً وَدُوْنَ الْجَهْرِ مِنَ الْقَوْلِ بِالْغُدُوِّ وَالْآصَالِ وَلَا تَكُنْ مِّنَ الْغَافِلِيْنَ
“Remember your Lord within yourself, with humility and in fear, without raising your voice, in the mornings and in the evenings. And do not be one of the heedless.” (7:205)
The morning, evening and the last part of the night are the three times in which a servant should worship Allah, as instructed by the Messenger of Allah ﷺ. In the morning and the evening, one finds both obligatory and optional actions to do.
The obligatory actions are praying Fajr and ‘Asr, and these are the best two prayers from the fardh prayers. These two prayers are performed during ‘the two cool periods’ and whoever preserves these two prayers shall enter Paradise. (Bukhārī)
The optional – and highly recommended – actions are to be carried out after Fajr and ‘Asr. Thus, after the fardh prayers, one should give a portion of their time to each of the following:
- Recitation of the Qur’ān
These daily adhkār are a protection from all types of evil, including envy, magic, the evil eye and the devils’ evil plotting.
Through them, we are in awe of the Greatness of Allah throughout the day. We seek His love. We draw closer to Him. We feel content and at ease. And through them, we gain the strength to carry out our daily tasks, because the one who starts and ends his day with the remembrance of Allah and places his trust in al-Hayy al-Qayyūm is sufficed by Him.
Whoever maintains the morning and evening adhkār, the adhkār after the prayers, and the adhkār before sleeping will be written amongst those ‘who remember Allah much.’ (Ibn al-Salāh raḥimahullāh)